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Julian BondProfessor Julian Bond
Civil Rights Activist, Chairman, NAACP
Founding member of SNCC

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Julian Bond has served as the Chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization, since 1998. He graduated from the George School, a coeducational Quaker school in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1957, and entered Morehouse College in Atlanta that same year. While still a student, Bond was a founder of the Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR), a student civil rights organization that helped win integration of Atlanta's movie theaters, lunch counters, and parks. Bond was also one of several hundred students from across the South who helped to form the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Bond was first elected in 1965 to a one year term in the Georgia House of Representatives. Members of the House voted not to seat him because of his outspoken opposition to the war in Vietnam. Bond was elected two more times before the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Georgia House had violated Bond's rights in refusing him his seat.

He was elected to the Georgia Senate in 1974. When he left the state senate in January 1987, Bond had been elected to public office more times than any other black Georgian, living or dead, ending his tenure only when an unsuccessful congressional race in 1986 prevented him from seeking re-election to the Senate. Bond was nominated for Vice President of the United States, the first black person to be so nominated by a major political party, though he withdrew his name because he was too young to serve.

Bond holds numerous honorary degrees and has served on the boards of many organizations working for social change. He is currently a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the American University in Washington, D.C., and a professor in the history department at the University of Virginia.

In 1995, Bond was elected to his fourth term on the National Board of the National Association for the Advancement of Bond has served as chairman of the NAACP since his election in February 1998.

A collection of Bond's essays has been published under the title A Time To Speak, A Time To Act. His poems and articles have appeared in The New York Times, American Negro Poetry, the Los Angeles Times, and several other national publications.

Bond has narrated many other acclaimed films including, the Academy Award-winning "A Time for Justice" and "The Shadow of Hate," which was nominated for an Oscar.



Gloria BradleyGloria Bradley
Attended March on Washington at age 14

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Gloria Bradley was born in Harlem Hospital in New York November 28, 1948. Her family moved to the South Bronx when she was 5 years old. She was a brownie, a girl scout, and as a member of The Soundview Presbyterian Church, she participated in a number of youth activities.

The church and it's congregation was very supportive of the Civil Rights movement. When the call was made for the nation to come to Washington D.C. in order to march for equality and justice for all, Soundview Presbyterian responded with an all out campaign to mobilize the participation of the residents of the South Bronx. In the end Soundview Presbyterian sponsored four bus loads of marchers, including a 14 year old Gloria Bradley. They joined in with hundreds of other buses and car loads of people from the north who went to Washington D.C. on August 28th 1963 in order to be a part of the March on Washington.

Bradley remembers that day fondly.

"I was 14 years old, at the time, and I knew about the segregation laws because of the summers that me and my sisters spent with my grandparents In Danville, Virginia. In his book Dr. King talked about Danville. He described it as one of the most hate-filled cities that he had ever been in, and it was. Danville has changed a lot since the March on Washington. Gone are the "for whites only" signs and other accoutrements of segregation in Danville. Dr. king's dream of integration has been realized in Danville. "



Dr. Terrance Roberts
Little Rock Nine

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Terrence Roberts was a 15 year old eleventh grader when he joined eight other students and became one of the first nine black students to go to Central High School, a formerly segregated public high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. He is now co-chairperson of the Master's in Psychology Program at Antioch University.

A graduate of California State University at Los Angeles (BA), and UCLA (MSW), Dr. Roberts obtained his Ph.D. in psychology from Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, Illinois.

Franklin McCain
Greensboro Four

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Franklin McCain is one of the original four college students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University who took part in the Woolworth sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina, along with fellow A&T students, David Richmond, Ezell Blair Jr. and Joseph McNeil. After he graduated from A&T in 1963, McCain stayed in Greensboro and went to graduate School. In 1965, he joined the Celanese Corporation in Charlotte as a chemist and is now retired. As a resident of Charlotte, McCain has been on many boards and has worked to bring about some changes in the educational, civic, spiritual and political life of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg area of North Carolina.

Dr. Doreen Loury
Swim-In, Age 8

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Dr. Doreen Loury, currently a professor of sociology and African-American studies at Arcadia University, experienced the affects of segregation in the 1950s first hand in her home town of Columbus, Ohio. As young children, Dr. Loury and her brother entered an all white pool on a hot summer day while the crowd chanted, "We don't want you in our pool." Although her brother wanted to get out, Dr. Loury encouraged him to stay because they had a right to be there, and it was hot.

Dr. Loury also experienced racism in the South each summer when her mother took her and her brother to visit family. Dr. Loury remembers her mother lecturing her and her brother on the ways they would need to act differently in the South. These experiences bring a richness to the stories and message she shares.



John Martin
Lawyer in Civil Rights Division of
Unites States Department of Justice

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John Martin grew up in Birmingham, Alabama and went to college at Birmingham-Southern College. After Mr. Martin graduated from Harvard Law School in 1962, he joined the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice. Mr. Martin worked as a lawyer with the Civil Rights Division for two-and-a-half years in the South, specifically in Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. Mr. Martin worked towards enforcing the Voting Rights Act so that everyone in the United States had the right and opportunity to vote. In fact, Mr. Martin was the first lawyer to win a Voting Rights Act case at the District Court level.

Mr. Martin was one of the lawyers from the Civil Rights Division charged with ensuring the safety of James Meredith, the first black to be enrolled at Ole Miss, and of Vivian Malone and James Hood, the first blacks to attend the University of Alabama.

Before leaving the Civil Rights Division, Mr. Martin was involved with the prosecution of the men who killed three civil rights volunteers in Philadelphia, Mississippi in June 2004 - Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman. Mr. Martin now practices law in Dallas, Texas at Carrington, Coleman, Sloman & Blumenthal, L.L.P., where he has been since 1965.


Henry Cisneros
Former Secretary of Housing & Urban Development

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Henry Cisneros was nominated by President Clinton to serve as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in 1992. A former President of Univision (the nation's fifth-largest TV network), Cisneros now serves as Chairman of American CityVista, where he is leading a movement to assist with low-income housing needs in urban areas.

As a member of President Clinton's Cabinet, Secretary Cisneros was responsible for federal housing and economic development. He administered fair housing activities as well as federally assisted housing and economic development programs throughout the nation. Before his service to the United States, Cisneros became the first Hispanic mayor of a major U.S. city when he was elected Mayor of San Antonio, the nation's 10th largest city, in 1981.

Cisneros graduated from Texas A&M with a B.A. and M.A. in urban and regional planning. He earned an MA in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and a Ph.D. in Public Administration from George Washington University.

Henry Cisneros has received numerous awards and honors. In 1982, he was selected as one of the "Ten Outstanding Young Men of America" by the U.S. Jaycees. Four years later, City and State Magazine named him Outstanding Mayor, and in 1991, VISTA Magazine awarded him with its Hispanic Man of the Year honor.


Professor Norma Cantú
Former Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights

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Norma Cantú is a professor of law at the University of Texas School of Law. She previously served for eight years as the Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights in the Clinton Administration, where she oversaw a staff of approximately 850 in implementing governmental policy for civil rights in American education. Within the first two years, her office increased the number of illegal discrimination complaints resolved by 20%; more than a third of the cases were disposed of without adversarial proceedings based on voluntary corrective action. By her final year in office, the number of cases resolved each year had risen almost another 20%.

Prior to her service as the nation's chief civil rights enforcer in the educational arena, Professor Cantú worked for fourteen years as regional counsel and education director of the Mexican-American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. In that capacity, she litigated scores of important cases affecting educational funding, disability rights, student disciplinary policies, access to special services for English-language learners, and racially hostile environments.

Professor Cantú is a Harvard Law School graduate. She graduated summa cum laude from the University of Texas-Pan American at the age of 19, taught high school English, and then enrolled at Harvard Law School, where she graduated at the age of 22.


Mary Beth Tinker
Protested Viet Nam War, Age 13

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Mary Beth Tinker grew up in Iowa, where her father was a Methodist minister. Her parents believed that religious ideals should be put into action and the whole family became involved in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. One of Mary Beth's early memories is of her parents going to Ruhlville, Mississippi in 1964 as part of a group of ministers helping to bring attention to the work of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Fannie Lou Hamer.

When Mary Beth Tinker was a student in Des Moines, Iowa, the school board tried to block the students from wearing the armbands, and most of the students who wore them were suspended. Tinker, along with other students, challenged the school board's actions in court. The case eventually went to the Supreme Court, where a landmark decision in favor of the students was made in 1969. The court ruled that students in public schools do have First Amendment rights. Justice Abe Fortas wrote in the majority opinion that students and teachers do not "shed their constitutional rights...at the schoolhouse gate."

Mary Beth Tinker moved to St. Louis in 1968 and graduated from University City High School in 1970. She works as a nurse practitioner and has remained involved in advocating for youth, particularly in the areas of education and health.